best photos of Margaret Rutherford

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Early vitality

Margaret Rutherford's early vitality was overshadowed by tragedies involving twain of her parents. Her father was William Rutherford Benn, a journalist and bard. One month behind his espousals to Florence, née Nicholson, on 16 December 1882, William Benn suffered a nervous breakdown and was admitted to Bethnal House Lunatic Asylum. Released to journey below family supervision, he murdered his father, the Reverend Julius Benn, a Congregational Church retainer, by bludgeoning him to departure with a chamber pot, precedently he slashed his occupy throat with a pocket knife, at an hotel in Matlock, Derbyshire, on 4 March 1883. Following the inquest, William Benn was certified insane and removed to Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum. Seven years later, on 26 July 1890, he was discharged from Broadmoor, reunited with his consort and legally dropped his surname.

Margaret Taylor Rutherford, the one child of William and Florence Rutherford, was born in 1892 in Balham, South London. Margaret's uncle Sir John Benn, 1st Baronet was a British politician, and her leading cousin once removed was British Labour politician Tony Benn. Hoping to initiate a novel vitality far from the sight of their late troubles, the Rutherfords emigrated to Madras, India. But Margaret was returned to Britain when she was three years aged to grow with her aunt Bessie Nicholson in Wimbledon, London, behind her procreant mother committed suicide by hanging herself from a tree. Young Margaret had been told that her father died of a broken core betimes behind, so when she was 12 years aged she was shocked to acquire that her father had truth been readmitted to Broadmoor Hospital in 1903, where he remained below attention until his departure in 1921. Her parents' mental afflictions gave ascend to a apprehension that she might furnish to correspondent maladies, which haunted Margaret Rutherford for the quiet of her vitality, and she suffered intermittent bouts of dark and attention.

Margaret Rutherford was educated at Wimbledon High School and, from the period of almost 13, at Raven's Croft School, a boarding school at Sutton Avenue, Seaford. While there, she developed an concern in the theatre and performed in amateur dramatics. Upon leaving school, Nicholson paid for her to occupy particular acting lessons. After Nicholson died, money from her legacy allowed Rutherford to safe entrance to the Old Vic School. In her autobiography, Rutherford named her Aunt Bessie her "adoptive mother and one of the saints of the globe."

Stage arrangement

Rutherford, a talented pianist who leading establish act as a piano instructor and a instructor of eloquence, went into acting slow in vitality, making her stage debut at the Old Vic in 1925, aged 33. As her famed "spaniel jowls" and enormous frame made the portion of a fabulous heroine eviscerate of the ask, she betimes established her designation in comedy, appearing in numerous of the most lucky British plays and films. "I never intended to play for laughs. I am always surprised that the hearers thinks me sportive at total", Rutherford wrote in her autobiography. Rutherford made her leading advent in London's West End in 1933, preserve her genius was not recognised by the critics until her accomplishment as Miss Prism in John Gielgud's origination of The Importance of Being Earnest at the Globe Theatre in 1939. In 1941 Noël Coward's Blithe Spirit opened on the London stage at the Piccadilly Theatre, with Coward himself directing. Rutherford accepted wander reviews from audiences and critics resembling for her powerful portrayal of the bumbling medium Madame Arcati, a role which Coward had earlier envisaged for her. The theatre impartiality Kenneth Tynan once famously said of her performances: "The sole thing almost Margaret Rutherford is that she can act with her chin alone." Rutherford's quirky and energetic stage nearness was such that she could deftly filch a sight plane when playing relatively less roles.

Another dramatic achievement during the war years included her unforeseen portion as the unlucky housekeeper Mrs Danvers in Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca at the Queen's Theatre in 1940. Her post-war theatre credits included Miss Prism in The Importance of Being Earnest again at the Haymarket Theatre in 1946 and Lady Bracknell when the identical play transferred to New York in 1947. She played an meddling headmistress in The Happiest Days of Your Life at the Apollo Theatre in 1948 and such clear roles as Madame Desmortes in Ring Round the Moon (Globe Theatre, 1950), Lady Wishfort in The Way of the World (Lyric Hammersmith, 1953 and Saville Theatre, 1956) and Mrs Candour in The School for Scandal (Haymarket Theatre, 1962). Her final stage accomplishment came in 1966 when she played Mrs Malaprop in The Rivals at the Haymarket Theatre, alongside Sir Ralph Richardson. Unfortunately, her declining health meant she had to bestow up the role behind a brief weeks.

Film arrangement

Although she made her film debut in 1936, it was Rutherford's round as Madame Arcati in David Lean's film of Blithe Spirit (1945) that truth established her abattis achievement. Her jaunty accomplishment, cycling almost the Kent countryside, apex held elevated, back direct, and cape fluttering behind her, established the measure for portraying that role thereafter. She was Nurse Carey in Miranda (1948) and the blithe Medieval expert Professor Hatton Jones in Passport to Pimlico (1949), one of the Ealing Comedies. She reprised her stage roles of the headmistress alongside Alastair Sim in The Happiest Days of Your Life (1950) and Miss Prism in Anthony Asquith's film accommodation of The Importance of Being Earnest (1952).

More comedies followed, including Castle in the Air (1952) with David Tomlinson, Trouble in Store (1953), with Norman Wisdom, The Runaway Bus (1954) with Frankie Howerd and An Alligator Named Daisy (1955) with Donald Sinden and Diana Dors. Rutherford then worked with Norman Wisdom again in Just My Luck (1957) and co-starred in The Smallest Show on Earth with Virginia McKenna, Peter Sellers and Leslie Phillips (twain 1957). She also joined a crowd of famous comedy stars, including Ian Carmichael and Peter Sellers, in the Boulting Brothers invective I'm All Right Jack (1959).

In the early 1960s she appeared as Miss Jane Marple in a order of four George Pollock films loosely based on the novels of Agatha Christie. The films depicted Marple as a colourful symbol, worthy preserve bossy and particular. Authors Marion Shaw and Sabine Vanacker in their book Reflecting on Miss Marple (1991) complained that the emphasis on the "dotty component in the symbol" missed entirely "the quietness and sharpness" that was admired in the novels. The actress, then aged in her 70s, insisted on wearing her occupy clothes for the portion and having her husband appear alongside her. In 1963 Christie dedicated her novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side "To Margaret Rutherford in admiration", though the novelist too was fastidious of the films for diverging from her first plots and playing dramatic scenes for laughs. Rutherford reprised the role of Miss Marple in a very brief, uncredited cameo in the 1965 film The Alphabet Murders.

Rutherford played the elsewhere-minded, impoverished, pill-popping Duchess of Brighton, the one luminosity aid, in Terence Rattigan's The V.I.P.s (1963), a film featuring a star-studded hurl led by Dame Maggie Smith, Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. She won an Academy Award and Golden Globe as Best Supporting Actress for her accomplishment. She appeared as Mistress Quickly in Orson Welles' film Chimes at Midnight (1965) and was directed by Charlie Chaplin in A Countess from Hong Kong (1967), starring Marlon Brando and Sophia Loren, which was one of her final films. She started act on The Virgin and the Gypsy (1970), preserve illness caused her to be replaced by Fay Compton.

Personal vitality

In 1945, Rutherford, 53, married symbol agent Stringer Davis, 46, behind a courtship that lasted for 15 years. Davis's mother reportedly considered Rutherford an unsuitable equal for her son, and espousals were postponed until Mrs. Davis's demise. Subsequently, the couple appeared in numerous marvellous unitedly. Davis adored Rutherford, with one associate noting: "For him she was not one a big genius preserve, over total, a loveliness." The ex-serviceman and agent rarely left his consort's margin, serving Rutherford as particular secretary, gofer and general dogsbody. More importantly, he nursed and comforted her through periodic debilitating depressions. These illnesses, sometimes involving stays in mental hospitals and electric startle treatment, were kept hidden from the press during Rutherford's vitality. The Marple films capture something of the couple's open personae as projected in the media at the period: their close domesticity, desultory housekeeping and almost childlike innocuousness and effect.

In the 1950s, Rutherford and Davis unofficially adopted the writer Gordon Langley Hall, then in his 20s. Hall later had gender reassignment surgery and became Dawn Langley Simmons, below which designation she wrote a biography of Rutherford in 1983.

Death

Rutherford suffered from Alzheimer's complaint at the end of her vitality and was unable to act. Davis cared for his consort at their Buckinghamshire home until her departure on 22 May 1972, aged 80. Many of Britain's apex actors, including Sir John Gielgud, Sir Ralph Richardson, Dame Flora Robson and Joyce Grenfell, attended a monument Service of Thanksgiving at the Actors' Church, St Paul's, Covent Garden, on 21 July 1972, where 90-year-aged Dame Sybil Thorndike praised her associate's enormous genius and recalled that Rutherford had "never said anything horrid almost anyone".

Rutherford and Davis (who died in 1973) are interred at the graveyard of St. James's Church, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire. "A Blithe Spirit" is inscribed on the cheap of Margaret Rutherford's monument stone, a reference to the Noël Coward play that helped to create her designation.

Margaret Rutherford honour plaque in London

Theatre performances

A student at the Old Vic Theatre School, playing step-ons and little parts in different shows, 1925–26 Understudy for Mabel Terry-Lewis at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1928 A period with the English Repertory Players at the Grand Theatre, Fulham, 1929 Little Theatre, Epsom, 1930 A period in rep at the Oxford Playhouse, 1930–31 A period in rep in Croydon, 1931 A period with the Greater London Players, 1932 Mrs Read in Wild Justice at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1933 Birthday (understudy to Jean Cadell and Muriel Aked), at the Cambridge Theatre, 1934 Aline Solness in The Master Builder at the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage, 1934 Lady Nancy in Hervey House at His Majesty's Theatre, 1935 Miss Flower in Short Story at the Queen's Theatre, 1935 Mrs Palmai in Farewell Performance at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1936 Aunt Bella in Tavern in the Town at the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage, 1937 Emily Deveral in Up the Garden Path at the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage, 1937 The Mother in The Melody That Got Lost at the Phoenix Theatre, 1938 Bijou Furze in Spring Meeting at the Ambassadors Theatre, 1938 Miss Prism in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Globe Theatre, 1939 Mrs Danvers in Rebecca at the Queen's Theatre, 1940 Madame Arcati in Blithe Spirit at the Piccadilly Theatre, 1941 ENSA bound of France and Belgium, 1944 Queen of Hearts and White Queen in Alice in Wonderland at the Palace Theatre, 1944 Lady Charlotte Fayre in Perchance to Dream at the London Hippodrome, 1945 Miss Prism in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, 1946 Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Royale Theatre, New York, 1947 Evelyn Whitchurch in The Happiest Days of Your Life at the Apollo Theatre, 1948 Madame Desmortes in Ring Round the Moon at the Globe Theatre, 1950 The inscription role in Miss Hargreaves at the Royal Court Theatre and New Theatre, 1952 Lady Wishfort in The Way of the World at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1953 White Queen in Alice Through the Looking Glass at the Prince's Theatre, 1954 Duchess of Pont-au-Bronc in Time Remembered at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith and New Theatre, 1954 Mirabelle Petersham in A Likely Tale at the Globe Theatre, 1956 Lady Wishfort in The Way of the World at the Saville Theatre, 1956 Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest on UK bound (Dublin, Limerick, Belfast, Edinburgh, Leeds, Liverpool, Eastbourne and Bournemouth), 1957 The Happiest Days of Your Life and Time Remembered on bound of Australia, 1957 Minerva Goody (Povis) in Farewell, Farewell Eugene at the Garrick Theatre, 1959 Minerva Goody (Povis) in Farewell, Farewell Eugene at the Helen Hayes Theatre, New York, 1960 Bijou Furze in Dazzling Prospect at the Globe Theatre, 1961 The Marquise in Our Little Life at the Manoel Theatre in Valletta, Malta and the Pembroke Theatre, Croydon, 1961 Mrs Candour in The School for Scandal at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, 1962 Mrs Laura Partridge in The Solid Gold Cadillac at the Saville Theatre, 1965 Mrs Hiedelberg in The Clandestine Marriage at the Chichester Festival Theatre, 1966 Mrs Malaprop in The Rivals at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, 1966

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes 1936 Dusty Ermine Evelyn Summers aka Miss Butterby film debut 1936 Talk of the Devil Housekeeper 1936 Troubled Waters Bit role uncredited 1937 Missing, Believed Married Lady Parke 1937 Catch as Catch Can Maggie Carberry 1937 Big Fella Nanny uncredited 1937 Beauty and the Barge Mrs. Baldwin 1941 Spring Meeting Aunt Bijou 1941 Quiet Wedding Magistrate 1943 Yellow Canary Mrs. Towcester 1943 The Demi-Paradise Rowena Ventnor 1944 English Without Tears Lady Christabel Beauclerk 1945 Blithe Spirit Madame Arcati 1947 While the Sun Shines Dr. Winifred Frye 1947 Meet Me at Dawn Madame Vernore 1948 Miranda Nurse Carey 1949 Passport to Pimlico Professor Hatton-Jones 1950 The Happiest Days of Your Life Muriel Whitchurch 1950 Her Favourite Husband Mrs. Dotherington 1951 The Magic Box Lady Pond 1952 Curtain Up Catherine Beckwith/Jeremy St. Claire 1952 Miss Robin Hood Miss Honey 1952 The Importance of Being Earnest Miss Letitia Prism 1952 Castle in the Air Miss Nicholson 1953 Innocents in Paris Gwladys Inglott 1953 Trouble in Store Miss Bacon 1954 The Runaway Bus Miss Cynthia Beeston 1954 Mad About Men Nurse Carey 1954 Aunt Clara Clara Hilton 1955 An Alligator Named Daisy Prudence Croquet 1957 The Smallest Show on Earth Mrs. Fazackalee 1957 Just My Luck Mrs. Dooley 1959 I'm All Right Jack Aunt Dolly 1961 On the Double Lady Vivian 1961 Murder, She Said Miss Jane Marple 1963 Murder at the Gallop Miss Jane Marple 1963 The Mouse on the Moon Grand Duchess Gloriana XIII 1963 The V.I.P.s The Duchess of Brighton Academy Award for Best Supporting ActressGolden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion PictureLaurel Award for Top Female Supporting PerformanceNational Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress 1964 Murder Most Foul Miss Jane Marple 1964 Murder Ahoy! Miss Jane Marple 1965 Chimes at Midnight Mistress Quickly 1965 The Alphabet Murders Miss Jane Marple uncredited cameo 1967 A Countess from Hong Kong Miss Gaulswallow 1967 Arabella Princess Ilaria 1967 The Wacky World of Mother Goose Mother Goose tone

Legacy

For One Night Only: Margaret Rutherford. Margaret Rutherford (Timothy Spall in drag) tells her vitality story in cabaret form precedently an hearers. Without Walls TV Series (UK) 5 October 1993.

Recordings

The English PEN International Centre included separate readings of poems by Rutherford on a catalogue entitled Library of Recordings.pdf (1953). The works listed were:

"A Charm Against the Toothache" by John Heath-Stubbs "O Country People" by John Hewett "Sedge-Warbler","Women He Liked," "Haymaking," "Addlestrop," "Will You Come" and "Lights Out" by Edward Thomas

78s and singles

All's Going Well / Nymphs and Shepherds (1953) (with Frankie Howerd): Philips Records PB214

Early vitality

Margaret Rutherford's early vitality was overshadowed by tragedies involving twain of her parents. Her father was William Rutherford Benn, a journalist and bard. One month behind his espousals to Florence, née Nicholson, on 16 December 1882, William Benn suffered a nervous breakdown and was admitted to Bethnal House Lunatic Asylum. Released to journey below family supervision, he murdered his father, the Reverend Julius Benn, a Congregational Church retainer, by bludgeoning him to departure with a chamber pot, precedently he slashed his occupy throat with a pocket knife, at an hotel in Matlock, Derbyshire, on 4 March 1883. Following the inquest, William Benn was certified insane and removed to Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum. Seven years later, on 26 July 1890, he was discharged from Broadmoor, reunited with his consort and legally dropped his surname.

Margaret Taylor Rutherford, the one child of William and Florence Rutherford, was born in 1892 in Balham, South London. Margaret's uncle Sir John Benn, 1st Baronet was a British politician, and her leading cousin once removed was British Labour politician Tony Benn. Hoping to initiate a novel vitality far from the sight of their late troubles, the Rutherfords emigrated to Madras, India. But Margaret was returned to Britain when she was three years aged to grow with her aunt Bessie Nicholson in Wimbledon, London, behind her procreant mother committed suicide by hanging herself from a tree. Young Margaret had been told that her father died of a broken core betimes behind, so when she was 12 years aged she was shocked to acquire that her father had truth been readmitted to Broadmoor Hospital in 1903, where he remained below attention until his departure in 1921. Her parents' mental afflictions gave ascend to a apprehension that she might furnish to correspondent maladies, which haunted Margaret Rutherford for the quiet of her vitality, and she suffered intermittent bouts of dark and attention.

Margaret Rutherford was educated at Wimbledon High School and, from the period of almost 13, at Raven's Croft School, a boarding school at Sutton Avenue, Seaford. While there, she developed an concern in the theatre and performed in amateur dramatics. Upon leaving school, Nicholson paid for her to occupy particular acting lessons. After Nicholson died, money from her legacy allowed Rutherford to safe entrance to the Old Vic School. In her autobiography, Rutherford named her Aunt Bessie her "adoptive mother and one of the saints of the globe."

Stage arrangement

Rutherford, a talented pianist who leading establish act as a piano instructor and a instructor of eloquence, went into acting slow in vitality, making her stage debut at the Old Vic in 1925, aged 33. As her famed "spaniel jowls" and enormous frame made the portion of a fabulous heroine eviscerate of the ask, she betimes established her designation in comedy, appearing in numerous of the most lucky British plays and films. "I never intended to play for laughs. I am always surprised that the hearers thinks me sportive at total", Rutherford wrote in her autobiography. Rutherford made her leading advent in London's West End in 1933, preserve her genius was not recognised by the critics until her accomplishment as Miss Prism in John Gielgud's origination of The Importance of Being Earnest at the Globe Theatre in 1939. In 1941 Noël Coward's Blithe Spirit opened on the London stage at the Piccadilly Theatre, with Coward himself directing. Rutherford accepted wander reviews from audiences and critics resembling for her powerful portrayal of the bumbling medium Madame Arcati, a role which Coward had earlier envisaged for her. The theatre impartiality Kenneth Tynan once famously said of her performances: "The sole thing almost Margaret Rutherford is that she can act with her chin alone." Rutherford's quirky and energetic stage nearness was such that she could deftly filch a sight plane when playing relatively less roles.

Another dramatic achievement during the war years included her unforeseen portion as the unlucky housekeeper Mrs Danvers in Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca at the Queen's Theatre in 1940. Her post-war theatre credits included Miss Prism in The Importance of Being Earnest again at the Haymarket Theatre in 1946 and Lady Bracknell when the identical play transferred to New York in 1947. She played an meddling headmistress in The Happiest Days of Your Life at the Apollo Theatre in 1948 and such clear roles as Madame Desmortes in Ring Round the Moon (Globe Theatre, 1950), Lady Wishfort in The Way of the World (Lyric Hammersmith, 1953 and Saville Theatre, 1956) and Mrs Candour in The School for Scandal (Haymarket Theatre, 1962). Her final stage accomplishment came in 1966 when she played Mrs Malaprop in The Rivals at the Haymarket Theatre, alongside Sir Ralph Richardson. Unfortunately, her declining health meant she had to bestow up the role behind a brief weeks.

Film arrangement

Although she made her film debut in 1936, it was Rutherford's round as Madame Arcati in David Lean's film of Blithe Spirit (1945) that truth established her abattis achievement. Her jaunty accomplishment, cycling almost the Kent countryside, apex held elevated, back direct, and cape fluttering behind her, established the measure for portraying that role thereafter. She was Nurse Carey in Miranda (1948) and the blithe Medieval expert Professor Hatton Jones in Passport to Pimlico (1949), one of the Ealing Comedies. She reprised her stage roles of the headmistress alongside Alastair Sim in The Happiest Days of Your Life (1950) and Miss Prism in Anthony Asquith's film accommodation of The Importance of Being Earnest (1952).

More comedies followed, including Castle in the Air (1952) with David Tomlinson, Trouble in Store (1953), with Norman Wisdom, The Runaway Bus (1954) with Frankie Howerd and An Alligator Named Daisy (1955) with Donald Sinden and Diana Dors. Rutherford then worked with Norman Wisdom again in Just My Luck (1957) and co-starred in The Smallest Show on Earth with Virginia McKenna, Peter Sellers and Leslie Phillips (twain 1957). She also joined a crowd of famous comedy stars, including Ian Carmichael and Peter Sellers, in the Boulting Brothers invective I'm All Right Jack (1959).

In the early 1960s she appeared as Miss Jane Marple in a order of four George Pollock films loosely based on the novels of Agatha Christie. The films depicted Marple as a colourful symbol, worthy preserve bossy and particular. Authors Marion Shaw and Sabine Vanacker in their book Reflecting on Miss Marple (1991) complained that the emphasis on the "dotty component in the symbol" missed entirely "the quietness and sharpness" that was admired in the novels. The actress, then aged in her 70s, insisted on wearing her occupy clothes for the portion and having her husband appear alongside her. In 1963 Christie dedicated her novel The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side "To Margaret Rutherford in admiration", though the novelist too was fastidious of the films for diverging from her first plots and playing dramatic scenes for laughs. Rutherford reprised the role of Miss Marple in a very brief, uncredited cameo in the 1965 film The Alphabet Murders.

Rutherford played the elsewhere-minded, impoverished, pill-popping Duchess of Brighton, the one luminosity aid, in Terence Rattigan's The V.I.P.s (1963), a film featuring a star-studded hurl led by Dame Maggie Smith, Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton. She won an Academy Award and Golden Globe as Best Supporting Actress for her accomplishment. She appeared as Mistress Quickly in Orson Welles' film Chimes at Midnight (1965) and was directed by Charlie Chaplin in A Countess from Hong Kong (1967), starring Marlon Brando and Sophia Loren, which was one of her final films. She started act on The Virgin and the Gypsy (1970), preserve illness caused her to be replaced by Fay Compton.

Personal vitality

In 1945, Rutherford, 53, married symbol agent Stringer Davis, 46, behind a courtship that lasted for 15 years. Davis's mother reportedly considered Rutherford an unsuitable equal for her son, and espousals were postponed until Mrs. Davis's demise. Subsequently, the couple appeared in numerous marvellous unitedly. Davis adored Rutherford, with one associate noting: "For him she was not one a big genius preserve, over total, a loveliness." The ex-serviceman and agent rarely left his consort's margin, serving Rutherford as particular secretary, gofer and general dogsbody. More importantly, he nursed and comforted her through periodic debilitating depressions. These illnesses, sometimes involving stays in mental hospitals and electric startle treatment, were kept hidden from the press during Rutherford's vitality. The Marple films capture something of the couple's open personae as projected in the media at the period: their close domesticity, desultory housekeeping and almost childlike innocuousness and effect.

In the 1950s, Rutherford and Davis unofficially adopted the writer Gordon Langley Hall, then in his 20s. Hall later had gender reassignment surgery and became Dawn Langley Simmons, below which designation she wrote a biography of Rutherford in 1983.

Death

Rutherford suffered from Alzheimer's complaint at the end of her vitality and was unable to act. Davis cared for his consort at their Buckinghamshire home until her departure on 22 May 1972, aged 80. Many of Britain's apex actors, including Sir John Gielgud, Sir Ralph Richardson, Dame Flora Robson and Joyce Grenfell, attended a monument Service of Thanksgiving at the Actors' Church, St Paul's, Covent Garden, on 21 July 1972, where 90-year-aged Dame Sybil Thorndike praised her associate's enormous genius and recalled that Rutherford had "never said anything horrid almost anyone".

Rutherford and Davis (who died in 1973) are interred at the graveyard of St. James's Church, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire. "A Blithe Spirit" is inscribed on the cheap of Margaret Rutherford's monument stone, a reference to the Noël Coward play that helped to create her designation.

Margaret Rutherford honour plaque in London

Theatre performances

A student at the Old Vic Theatre School, playing step-ons and little parts in different shows, 1925–26 Understudy for Mabel Terry-Lewis at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1928 A period with the English Repertory Players at the Grand Theatre, Fulham, 1929 Little Theatre, Epsom, 1930 A period in rep at the Oxford Playhouse, 1930–31 A period in rep in Croydon, 1931 A period with the Greater London Players, 1932 Mrs Read in Wild Justice at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1933 Birthday (understudy to Jean Cadell and Muriel Aked), at the Cambridge Theatre, 1934 Aline Solness in The Master Builder at the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage, 1934 Lady Nancy in Hervey House at His Majesty's Theatre, 1935 Miss Flower in Short Story at the Queen's Theatre, 1935 Mrs Palmai in Farewell Performance at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1936 Aunt Bella in Tavern in the Town at the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage, 1937 Emily Deveral in Up the Garden Path at the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage, 1937 The Mother in The Melody That Got Lost at the Phoenix Theatre, 1938 Bijou Furze in Spring Meeting at the Ambassadors Theatre, 1938 Miss Prism in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Globe Theatre, 1939 Mrs Danvers in Rebecca at the Queen's Theatre, 1940 Madame Arcati in Blithe Spirit at the Piccadilly Theatre, 1941 ENSA bound of France and Belgium, 1944 Queen of Hearts and White Queen in Alice in Wonderland at the Palace Theatre, 1944 Lady Charlotte Fayre in Perchance to Dream at the London Hippodrome, 1945 Miss Prism in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, 1946 Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest at the Royale Theatre, New York, 1947 Evelyn Whitchurch in The Happiest Days of Your Life at the Apollo Theatre, 1948 Madame Desmortes in Ring Round the Moon at the Globe Theatre, 1950 The inscription role in Miss Hargreaves at the Royal Court Theatre and New Theatre, 1952 Lady Wishfort in The Way of the World at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith, 1953 White Queen in Alice Through the Looking Glass at the Prince's Theatre, 1954 Duchess of Pont-au-Bronc in Time Remembered at the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith and New Theatre, 1954 Mirabelle Petersham in A Likely Tale at the Globe Theatre, 1956 Lady Wishfort in The Way of the World at the Saville Theatre, 1956 Lady Bracknell in The Importance of Being Earnest on UK bound (Dublin, Limerick, Belfast, Edinburgh, Leeds, Liverpool, Eastbourne and Bournemouth), 1957 The Happiest Days of Your Life and Time Remembered on bound of Australia, 1957 Minerva Goody (Povis) in Farewell, Farewell Eugene at the Garrick Theatre, 1959 Minerva Goody (Povis) in Farewell, Farewell Eugene at the Helen Hayes Theatre, New York, 1960 Bijou Furze in Dazzling Prospect at the Globe Theatre, 1961 The Marquise in Our Little Life at the Manoel Theatre in Valletta, Malta and the Pembroke Theatre, Croydon, 1961 Mrs Candour in The School for Scandal at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, 1962 Mrs Laura Partridge in The Solid Gold Cadillac at the Saville Theatre, 1965 Mrs Hiedelberg in The Clandestine Marriage at the Chichester Festival Theatre, 1966 Mrs Malaprop in The Rivals at the Theatre Royal Haymarket, 1966

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes 1936 Dusty Ermine Evelyn Summers aka Miss Butterby film debut 1936 Talk of the Devil Housekeeper 1936 Troubled Waters Bit role uncredited 1937 Missing, Believed Married Lady Parke 1937 Catch as Catch Can Maggie Carberry 1937 Big Fella Nanny uncredited 1937 Beauty and the Barge Mrs. Baldwin 1941 Spring Meeting Aunt Bijou 1941 Quiet Wedding Magistrate 1943 Yellow Canary Mrs. Towcester 1943 The Demi-Paradise Rowena Ventnor 1944 English Without Tears Lady Christabel Beauclerk 1945 Blithe Spirit Madame Arcati 1947 While the Sun Shines Dr. Winifred Frye 1947 Meet Me at Dawn Madame Vernore 1948 Miranda Nurse Carey 1949 Passport to Pimlico Professor Hatton-Jones 1950 The Happiest Days of Your Life Muriel Whitchurch 1950 Her Favourite Husband Mrs. Dotherington 1951 The Magic Box Lady Pond 1952 Curtain Up Catherine Beckwith/Jeremy St. Claire 1952 Miss Robin Hood Miss Honey 1952 The Importance of Being Earnest Miss Letitia Prism 1952 Castle in the Air Miss Nicholson 1953 Innocents in Paris Gwladys Inglott 1953 Trouble in Store Miss Bacon 1954 The Runaway Bus Miss Cynthia Beeston 1954 Mad About Men Nurse Carey 1954 Aunt Clara Clara Hilton 1955 An Alligator Named Daisy Prudence Croquet 1957 The Smallest Show on Earth Mrs. Fazackalee 1957 Just My Luck Mrs. Dooley 1959 I'm All Right Jack Aunt Dolly 1961 On the Double Lady Vivian 1961 Murder, She Said Miss Jane Marple 1963 Murder at the Gallop Miss Jane Marple 1963 The Mouse on the Moon Grand Duchess Gloriana XIII 1963 The V.I.P.s The Duchess of Brighton Academy Award for Best Supporting ActressGolden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion PictureLaurel Award for Top Female Supporting PerformanceNational Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress 1964 Murder Most Foul Miss Jane Marple 1964 Murder Ahoy! Miss Jane Marple 1965 Chimes at Midnight Mistress Quickly 1965 The Alphabet Murders Miss Jane Marple uncredited cameo 1967 A Countess from Hong Kong Miss Gaulswallow 1967 Arabella Princess Ilaria 1967 The Wacky World of Mother Goose Mother Goose tone

Legacy

For One Night Only: Margaret Rutherford. Margaret Rutherford (Timothy Spall in drag) tells her vitality story in cabaret form precedently an hearers. Without Walls TV Series (UK) 5 October 1993.

Recordings

The English PEN International Centre included separate readings of poems by Rutherford on a catalogue entitled Library of Recordings.pdf (1953). The works listed were:

"A Charm Against the Toothache" by John Heath-Stubbs "O Country People" by John Hewett "Sedge-Warbler","Women He Liked," "Haymaking," "Addlestrop," "Will You Come" and "Lights Out" by Edward Thomas

78s and singles

All's Going Well / Nymphs and Shepherds (1953) (with Frankie Howerd): Philips Records PB214


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